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circle
Circles are described by the Cartesian equation:
\qquad \qquad (x-a)^2 + (y-b)^2 = r^2
where (a,b) is the centre and r is the radius of the circle.

The equation of the circle whose centre is at the origin is x^2+y^2=r^2
The equation of the unit circle whose centre is at the origin is x^2+y^2=1
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Summary/Background

graphic calculator
circleCircles can be displayed on your graphic calculator, for example, on the TI-83:
Select the Y= screen:

Enter Y1 = √(Rsquare-(X-A)square)+B
Enter Y2 = -√(Rsquare-(X-A)square)+B
Then select the GRAPH screen. You can then choose different values for the constants A, B and R. For example, to make R = 4, press 4 store ALPHA R. You may also need to adjust the scaling to get a good display of the circle.

Software/Applets used on this page

jsMath
This page uses jsMath
You can get a better display of the maths by downloading special TeX fonts from jsMath. In the meantime, we will do the best we can with the fonts you have, but it may not be pretty and some equations may not be rendered correctly.

Glossary

cartesian equation

An equation that shows a relationship between the x and y cartesian coordinates.

circle

a conic curve with equation (x-a)²+(y-b)²=r²

equation

A statement that two mathematical expressions are equal.

graph

A diagram showing a relationship between two variables.
The diagram shows a vertical y axis and a horizontal x axis.

origin

The point from where all measurements of coordinates are made; usually the point where the two axes of a graph cross.

union

The union of two sets A and B is the set containing all the elements of A and B.

Full Glossary List